Acquisition of Citizenship at Birth
Acquisition of Turkish citizenship is regulated in two ways:
At birth or by later acquisition. Turkey has not adopted the right to acquire citizenship based on place of birth. Therefore, being born in Turkey will not provide any right in terms of citizenship.
Citizenship at birth is based on kinship. A person may be a Turkish citizen at birth only if one of his/her parents is a Turkish citizen. Child of a Turkish mother or father is automatically a Turkish citizen. However, adults whose mother and/or father is a Turkish citizen but who are not registered to a civil registry office until age of 18 can be registered as a Turkish citizen if it is decided by the Ministry upon an examination that they have acquired Turkish citizenship.
If you fulfill the specified requirements in Turkish Citizenship Law, you can acquire Turkish Citizenship upon the decision of the relevant authority. However fulfilling the stated requirements does not provide an absolute entitlement to citizenship.
- You can apply for Turkish citizenship if you have lived for 5 years without interruption. However, additional conditions such as a good command of Turkish, good morals and not being diagnosed with a disease that may constitute hazard to general health are also sought.
- If you have been married to a Turkish citizen for at least 3 years and your marriage continues, you can apply for Turkish citizenship. If your spouse dies after your application, the requirement of unity of family is not sought any more.
For further information about application for citizenship and how to apply, you can visit; www.nvi.gov. tr or call the hotline 199.
- Foreigners who are confirmed to have invested a fixed capital of minimum USD 500,000 by the Ministry of Industry and Technology,
- Foreigners who are confirmed to have deposited minimum of USD 500,000 or an equivalent of the same to Turkish Lira in a bank that operates in Turkey by the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency provided that it will be kept in the account for three years,
- Foreigners who are confirmed by Capital Markets Board that they have purchased real estate investment fund participation shares or venture capital investment fund participation shares worth minimum of USD 500,000 and that they held for three years,
- Foreigners who are confirmed by the Ministry of Treasury and Finance to have purchased state borrowing instruments worth minimum of USD 500,000 on the condition of holding them for three years, can be applied for exceptional Turkish citizenship.
- Foreigners who are confirmed by the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services to have created employment for at least 50 people,
- Foreigners who are confirmed by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization to have purchased real estate worth minimum of USD 250,000 or promised to purchase a real estate with floor ownership or floor easement corresponding to a minimum of USD 250,000 or same amount equivalent to Turkish Lira with a sale contract certified by notary public and annotation of refusal of sale for three years added to the records of the title deed registry.
With the amendment made to in the Regulations Regarding the Implementation of Turkish Citizenship Law, foreigners now may acquire Turkish citizenship by exceptional means by purchasing real estate worth at least USD 250.000 or equivalent foreign currency or in Turkish Lira starting from the date of 18.09.2018, provided that the land registry records an annotation stating that the real estate will not be sold for 3 years.
(For the real estate(s) purchased between12.01.2017 and 18.09.2018, the real estate must be worth at least USD 1.000.000)
Starting from 07.12.2018, it is also possible for a contract issued before a notary to acquire Turkish citizenship including the promise of selling a real estate with condominium or construction servitude created worth at least USD 250.000 or equivalent in foreign currency or in Turkish Lira deposited in cash along with the commitment of no transfer and cancellation for 3 years, is annotated into land registry.
In case of real estate(s) purchase worth USD 250.000 and a commitment of not to sell for 3 years, or in case of an agreement, which is issued before the notary public including the promise to sell a real estate along with the commitment of no transfer and cancellation for 3 years, then a “Certificate of Eligibility” will be issued by the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre as a document to be relied upon for citizenship request.
Upon receiving the Certificate of Eligibility, foreigners first apply for a residence permit before the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management and then apply for citizenship before the Provincial Directorate of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs.
For further information please contact our Realtor or our Lawyer.